Sharjah Archaeology Authority
Titled “Department of Archaeology and Heritage”, under the umbrella of the Department of Culture and Information, Sharjah Archaeology Department was established in 1986 to supervise all the archaeological and heritage sites all over Sharjah emirate and to provide the necessary protection to them; in addition to carrying out the archaeological exploration operations and overseeing the exploration work of the foreign expeditions operating in Sharjah emirate.
In late 1992, Sharjah Archaeology Department formed a local expedition to explore the archaeological sites, and to coordinate with the foreign exploration expeditions during the exploration seasons. The expedition was headed by Dr. Sabah Jassem and it had local members. Located on the eastern coast of Kalba city, “Al Tareef” site was the first place the local expedition started its archaeological explorations in. Ever since, the local expedition’s works have continued covering a large number of such archaeological sites all over Sharjah emirate where abundant movable and immovable archaeological discoveries, have been unearthed.
Sharjah Archaeology Authority will participate in the sixth periodical joint Fair of the archaeology of the Arab states of the Gulf Cooperation Council, which will be held in the State of Kuwait for a month, from 15th of January to 15th of February, with the participation of various bodies concerned with antiquities in the Council states.
Member of the Supreme Council of Union, ruler of Sharjah
The settlement of Mleiha is one of the most important archaeological sites in the United Arab Emirates and the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula in general. Based on the results of the archaeological excavations carried out by the Belgian archaeological mission, it appears that this geographical spot included a prosperous community during the period between the third century BC and the third century AD. It played an important role as a caravan city that enjoyed long-term trade relations with the commercial centres in the Arabian Peninsula, the northern Persian Gulf, Mesopotamia, Iran, the Greek islands, and the Roman Empire.
The book, issued by the Sharjah Archaeology Authority in 2016 AD, dealt with the large cemetery of Mleiha with square towers at the top, especially the tomb of Amud bin Jar bin Ali, the inspector of the King of Oman. It covers architectural elements based on the establishment of the settlement, coins, pottery finds as well as stone, bronze, horse and camel equipment. The book ends with reviews of the iron weapons found in Mleiha.
As part of an agreement between the Sharjah Archaeology Authority and Kanazawa University in Japan, an exhibition was held at Kanazawa University in 2020, under the slogan: “The Arabian Heritage from Sharjah, the United Arab Emirates.”
This exhibition was inaugurated by His Highness Sheikh Dr Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi, Member of the Supreme Council, Ruler of the Emirate of Sharjah. At the exhibition opening, His Highness was awarded with an honorary doctorate degree from Kanazawa University.
The award was given as a recognition of His Highness being one of the most prominent Arab symbols in support of education, culture and art in Sharjah, the Emirates in particular, and the Arab world in general. The award was also a symbol of appreciation to His Highness as one of the most prominent individuals in extending bridges of cooperation and harmony between Arab culture and other cultures and civilizations.
His Highness opened the exhibition in the presence of Nakamura Shin-ichi, President of Kanazawa University, as well as a number of Japanese professors and scientists, and a large delegation from the Emirate of Sharjah.
As part of the exhibition, various archaeological discoveries from the Emirate of Sharjah were placed on display, among them the discoveries of the Japanese archaeological excavation mission in the Eastern Region of Sharjah.
The exhibition also contained paintings, manuscripts, rare historical maps, and other art works inspired by Arabian traditions and heritage. The exhibition also contained other aspects, reflecting issues of folklore and Arabic manuscripts, as well as samples of rare historical maps, from the contents of the circle of His Highness Sheikh Dr Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi.
It is noteworthy that other Japanese universities then hosted the aforementioned exhibition for 6 consecutive months.
This site is considered as a key source to study man’s early history at the southern Arabian peninsula. This mountain is considered the cornerstone for ancient age researches, where the unearthed archaeological remains date back to 130 thousand years, which is concurrent with protohuman folks migrating from east Africa.
This book shows grand fort of Mleiha in terms of architectural design and its defense purposes, as well as the industries workshops. It was published in six world languages namely (Arabic, English, French, German, Japanese, and Spanish).
Several archaeological sites have been registered in Kalba which witnessed expeditions that unearthed such significant discoveries represented in a set of shell piles and various archaeological tombs from both Bronze and Iron ages, as well as a large settlement from 3rd and 2nd Millennium BC in addition to fantastic rock engravings in Khatam Malaha.
This big tomb represents the first discovery dating back to Umm An-Nar era in Sharjah emirate in 1998. It is consisted of a unique architectural style, housing eight internal burial chambers surrounded by an external wall built in well-organized stones in a circular shape.
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