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Sharjah Archaeology Authority

a Sustainable World Cultural Heritage for Sharjah emirate’s authentic archaeology
About
Sharjah Archaeology Authority

Titled “Department of Archaeology and Heritage”, under the umbrella of the Department of Culture and Information, Sharjah Archaeology Department was established in 1986 to supervise all the archaeological and heritage sites all over Sharjah emirate and to provide the necessary protection to them; in addition to carrying out the archaeological exploration operations and overseeing the exploration work of the foreign expeditions operating in Sharjah emirate.

In late 1992, Sharjah Archaeology Department formed a local expedition to explore the archaeological sites, and to coordinate with the foreign exploration expeditions during the exploration seasons. The expedition was headed by Dr. Sabah Jassem and it had local members. Located on the eastern coast of Kalba city, “Al Tareef” site was the first place the local expedition started its archaeological explorations in. Ever since, the local expedition’s works have continued covering a large number of such archaeological sites all over Sharjah emirate where abundant movable and immovable archaeological discoveries, have been unearthed.

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IMG_4261 الشيخ سلطان الشارقة الاثار
Historical highlights in the depths of human civilization
Rare black-glazed Rhodian amphora
Rare black-glazed Rhodian wine amphora discovered in Tomb of Amud FA-5 at Mleiha, Sharjah, UAE. Rhodian amphorae were popular burial goods at Mleiha from the early 3rd to the 1st century BC. Dated to the mid 3rd century BCE. It was glazed on the in- and outside, in Southern Mesopotamia. Around the base are three oval spur marks visible in the glaze, caused by the support on which the vessel was placed in the oven at the time of the glazing. The spike was later removed, a practice documented from other Rhodian amphorae at Mleiha. Figure 13 in Overlaet 2018:19; Figure 14 in Overlaet at al. 2018:37.
Acheulean handaxe
Acheulean style handaxe from the Suhailah Site, north of Dhaid, Sharjah, UAE. Discovered in 2012. Esitmated to be greater than 500,000 years old. Bretzke 2018:52, Figure 6 #2. 534 photos. Completely processed (aligned, scaled, modeled, cleaned, simplified, unwrapped, textured, meshed) in Reality Capture. Knut Bretzke. 2018. The 2013 Paleolithic field work in the interior of Sharjah Emirate. Annual Sharjah Archaeology, Issue 14, Pp. 47-58.
Statue
Statue, 1st - 3nd cent. CE. Mleiha 8, “the palace” entrance and courtyard. H. 14.8 cm. Overlaet 2018:21, Figure 15. Catalogue No. 15; Mery and Mouton 2018:53). 558 photos. Completely processed (aligned, scaled, modeled, cleaned, simplified, unwrapped, textured, meshed) in Reality Capture. B. Overlaet 2018. Mleiha, An Arab Kingdom on the Caravan Trails (Brussels 30.10-30.12.2018). Sharjah: Sharjah Archaeology Authority. Sophie Mery and Michel Mouton. 2018. French archaeological expedition in the United Arab Emirates. Annual Sharjah Archaeology, Issue 13, Pp. 44-54.
Bronze Weapon Hoard
Bronze Age bronze hoard containing a variety of spear heads, knives and daggers. Jebel al-Buhais, Sharjah, UAE. On display in the Mleiha Archaeological Center. 2nd millenium BCE. Catalog number EXS254. Processed in Reality Capture from 837 images.
Pre-Islamic Bronze statue of Aphrodite
Pre-Islamic bronze statuette of Aphrodite-The Greek Goddess of love, beauty and pleasure., Mleiha, Sharjah, UAE. On display in the Mleiha Archaeological Center. 1st Century CE. Catalog number ML6.10. Processed in Reality Capture from 783 images.
Bronze horse spout
Bronze horse spout for a bowl. Mleiha, Sharjah. 2nd entury BCE (Córdoba 2016:118, Figure 136). Catalogue No. M7-03. 2017-FG.F049 542 photos. Completely processed (aligned, scaled, modeled, cleaned, simplified, unwrapped, textured, meshed) in Reality Capture. J. Mª Córdoba 2016. La era de Mleiha: navegantes y caravanas antes del Islam. Pp 83-130 (Figure p. 92). In EN LOS CONFINES DE ORIENTE PRÓXIMO: El hallazgo moderno del país de Magán. Museo Arqueológico Nacional Catálogo de la Exposición Temporal Celebrada entre el 18 de abril y el 29 de mayo de 2016. Comisario: J. Mª Córdoba Zoilo. Comisarias adjuntas: C. del Cerro Linares, Mª C. Pérez Díe, E. Pons Mellado.
Ivory Carving
Small ivory carving from Dibba al-Hisn, Sharjah, UAE. Dated to the 1st century CE. 384 photos. Completely processed (aligned, scaled, modeled, cleaned, simplified, unwrapped, textured) in Reality Capture. Page 129, Figure 176 in J. Mª Córdoba 2016. La era de Mleiha: navegantes y caravanas antes del Islam. Pp 83-130. In EN LOS CONFINES DE ORIENTE PRÓXIMO: El hallazgo moderno del país de Magán. Museo Arqueológico Nacional Catálogo de la Exposición Temporal Celebrada entre el 18 de abril y el 29 de mayo de 2016. Comisario: J. Mª Córdoba Zoilo. Comisarias adjuntas: C. del Cerro Linares, Mª C. Pérez Díe, E. Pons Mellado.
Glazed jar 4
Green glazed vessels such as this vase with ornamental handles were imported from Southern Mesopotamia (modern Iraq). The lower parts of the handles sometimes end in knobs, or hands / paws. They were popular in SE-Arabia (UAE and Oman). Several of were deposited as burial goods in tombs at Mleiha (Sharjah, UAE). Dated from the 2nd C BCE to the 1st C CE. Examples in Overlaet (2018:18, Figure 6, Cat 6), and Córdoba (2016:119, Figure 143). This vessel was discovered in 2017 in a tomb close to the tomb of Amud (excavation nr. ML17/FG.P.045). Its original green glaze changed into a beige to gold color. 781 photos. Completely processed (aligned, scaled, modeled, cleaned, simplified, unwrapped, textured, meshed) in Reality Capture. B. Overlaet 2018. Mleiha, An Arab Kingdom on the Caravan Trails (Brussels 30.10-30.12.2018). Sharjah: Sharjah Archaeology Authority.
Silver sheet with dedication
Silver sheet with punched dedication to the deity al-Lat. 3rd-2nd Century BCE. Mleiha area 04-East, “farmhouse”. H. 6.2 cm. Overlaet (2018:27, Figure 19, Catalog No. 25). Faro Design Arm Scan. Processed in Geomagic and meshlab. B. Overlaet 2018. Mleiha, An Arab Kingdom on the Caravan Trails (Brussels 30.10-30.12.2018). Sharjah: Sharjah Archaeology Authority.
Glass Vessel
Opaque Glass Vessel, Dibba Al Hisn, Sharjah, 1st C. CE Glass was an important export product of the Mediterranean Roman world from the middle of the first century BC onwards. Large quantities reached the Oman peninsula. This specimen was discovered in a communal tomb at Dibba al-Hisn (Sharjah Emirate) on the East coast of the Oman peninsula, together with glass unguentaria, Indian ivory combs, a Roman intaglio– luxury products that illustrate the importance of Dibba as a trading port (Jasim 2006). Sabah A. Jasim. 2006. Trade centres and commercial routes in the Arabian Gulf: Post-Hellenistic discoveries at Dibba, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy 2006: 17: 214–237.
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Rare black-glazed Rhodian amphora
 Acheulean handaxe
Statue
Bronze Weapon Hoard
Pre-Islamic Bronze statue of Aphrodite
Bronze horse spout
Ivory Carving
Glazed jar 4
Silver sheet with dedication
Glass Vessel
International exhibitions
Various exhibitions narrating Sharjah’s civilization and history
Civilization Unity and Cultural Diversity
International | Kuwait: January 18, 2020
Under the motto " civilizational Unity and Cultural Diversity "
Sharjah Archaeology Authority will participate in the sixth periodical joint Fair of the archaeology of the Arab states of the Gulf Cooperation Council, which will be held in the State of Kuwait for a month, from 15th of January to 15th of February, with the participation of various bodies concerned with antiquities in the Council states.
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Archaeological exploration shows the peoples’ identity and heritage.
H.H. Sheikh Dr. Sultan Bin Mohammed Al Qassimi
Member of the Supreme Council of Union, ruler of Sharjah
Sharjah Archaeology Fair
International | Lisbon: November 15, 2019
Sheikh Sultan bin Ahmed Al Qassimi, Chairman of the Sharjah Media Council, representing His Highness Sheikh Dr. Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qassimi, Member of the Supreme Council and Ruler of Sharjah inaugurated the "Sharjah Archaeology Fair", under the title: "Culture and Identity of Sharjah Archaeological Heritage" .The event took place in the presence of Dr. Sabah Aboud Jasim, Director General of the Sharjah Archaeology Authority, His Excellency Dr. Graça Fonseca, Portuguese Minister of Culture, and His Excellency Musa Abdul Wahed Al Khajah, the country's ambassador to Portugal.
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Sharjah participated with 14 archaeological artifacts in a Fair in China
International | China: May 13, 2019
Under the umbrella of the Ministry of Culture and Knowledge Development, Sharjah participated in the Asian civilizations Fair that was held at the National Museum of China, with fourteen archaeological artifacts , reflecting the history and civilization of the UAE, from 13/5/2019 to 20/8/2019.
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Our Publications
Mleiha … An Arab Kingdom on the Caravan Way
Published: January 1, 2016

The settlement of Mleiha is one of the most important archaeological sites in the United Arab Emirates and the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula in general. Based on the results of the archaeological excavations carried out by the Belgian archaeological mission, it appears that this geographical spot included a prosperous community during the period between the third century BC and the third century AD. It played an important role as a caravan city that enjoyed long-term trade relations with the commercial centres in the Arabian Peninsula, the northern Persian Gulf, Mesopotamia, Iran, the Greek islands, and the Roman Empire.

The book, issued by the Sharjah Archaeology Authority in 2016 AD, dealt with the large cemetery of Mleiha with square towers at the top, especially the tomb of Amud bin Jar bin Ali, the inspector of the King of Oman. It covers architectural elements based on the establishment of the settlement, coins, pottery finds as well as stone, bronze, horse and camel equipment. The book ends with reviews of the iron weapons found in Mleiha.

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The Arabian Heritage from Sharjah, UAE
Published: January 1, 2010

As part of an agreement between the Sharjah Archaeology Authority and Kanazawa University in Japan, an exhibition was held at Kanazawa University in 2020, under the slogan: “The Arabian Heritage from Sharjah, the United Arab Emirates.”

This exhibition was inaugurated by His Highness Sheikh Dr Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi, Member of the Supreme Council, Ruler of the Emirate of Sharjah. At the exhibition opening, His Highness was awarded with an honorary doctorate degree from Kanazawa University.

The award was given as a recognition of His Highness being one of the most prominent Arab symbols in support of education, culture and art in Sharjah, the Emirates in particular, and the Arab world in general. The award was also a symbol of appreciation to His Highness as one of the most prominent individuals in extending bridges of cooperation and harmony between Arab culture and other cultures and civilizations.

His Highness opened the exhibition in the presence of Nakamura Shin-ichi, President of Kanazawa University, as well as a number of Japanese professors and scientists, and a large delegation from the Emirate of Sharjah.

As part of the exhibition, various archaeological discoveries from the Emirate of Sharjah were placed on display, among them the discoveries of the Japanese archaeological excavation mission in the Eastern Region of Sharjah.

The exhibition also contained paintings, manuscripts, rare historical maps, and other art works inspired by Arabian traditions and heritage. The exhibition also contained other aspects, reflecting issues of folklore and Arabic manuscripts, as well as samples of rare historical maps, from the contents of the circle of His Highness Sheikh Dr Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi.
It is noteworthy that other Japanese universities then hosted the aforementioned exhibition for 6 consecutive months.

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Jebel Al-Faya
Published:

This site is considered as a key source to study man’s early history at the southern Arabian peninsula. This mountain is considered the cornerstone for ancient age researches, where the unearthed archaeological remains date back to 130 thousand years, which is concurrent with protohuman folks migrating from east Africa.

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Mleiha Fort
Published:

This book shows grand fort of Mleiha in terms of architectural design and its defense purposes, as well as the industries workshops. It was published in six world languages namely (Arabic, English, French, German, Japanese, and Spanish).

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Kalba
Published: September 1, 2002

Several archaeological sites have been registered in Kalba which witnessed expeditions that unearthed such significant discoveries represented in a set of shell piles and various archaeological tombs from both Bronze and Iron ages, as well as a large settlement from 3rd and 2nd Millennium BC in addition to fantastic rock engravings in Khatam Malaha.

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Umm An-Nar Tomb
Published:

This big tomb represents the first discovery dating back to Umm An-Nar era in Sharjah emirate in 1998. It is consisted of a unique architectural style, housing eight internal burial chambers surrounded by an external wall built in well-organized stones in a circular shape.

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Photos Gallery
Every picture has a story, every story belongs to an era, and every era has its people and tales
News Update
We narrate the news through story, history, and archaeological remains
The lecture focused on the importance of protecting and preserving a country’s rich heritage Sharjah Archaeology Authority organizes virtual lecture on tangible heritage management
Sharjah, 18th November 2020: The Sharjah Archaeology Authority (SAA), recently organized a virtual lecture titled “Managing the Tangible Heritage, Documentation, Conservation and Accessibility” The lecture was moderated by Dr Radwan Abdel Radi, Assistant Professor of Egyptian Archaeology, at the Aswan University, founder and director of the Aswan Center for Civilization and Heritage at Aswan University. He discussed about the significance of the heritage holistically, it’s various patterns, divisions and the importance of preserving and protecting for generations to come.
November 18, 2020
In dealing with nanoscale, its applications and importance, The Sharjah Archaeology Authority is organizing a virtual lecture on the use of nanotechnology for the treatment and maintenance of antiquities
Sharjah, 5th November 2020: The Sharjah Archaeology Authority organized a hypothetical lecture entitled "The use of nanotechnology in the treatment and maintenance of antiquities", in which Dr Manal Maher, a researcher at the Egyptian Center for Nanotechnology and Head of the CT Unit at the Ministry of Antiquities, spoke about the definition of nanoscience, its importance, position and applications in various sciences and fields. Among them is archaeology, especially its importance, and role in the treatment and maintenance of antiquities.
November 5, 2020
Sharjah Archaeology Authority organizes virtual lecture on Islamic manuscripts Highlighted the various techniques, tools and materials used in these scripts
Sharjah, 28th October 2020: Sharjah Archaeology Authority (SAA), recently organized a virtual lecture titled "Islamic manuscripts, tools, techniques and materials used in them,” moderated by Dr. Hassan Ali Hassan, specialist in manuscript restoration, Faculty of Archaeology, Ain Shams University in Cairo, Egypt.
October 28, 2020
Sharjah Archaeology Authority organizes virtual lecture on the archaeological heritage in the provinces of Numidia and Mauritania The lecture highlighted six important sites and museums
Sharjah, 21 October 2020: Sharjah Archaeology Authority (SAA), recently organized a virtual lecture entitled, "Archaeological heritage in the provinces of Numidia and Mauritania from the 3rdcentury BC to the 3rdcentury AD.” The lecture was moderated by Dr. Hind Ahmed Abu Shaheen, head of tourism, Egyptian Youth Council, who spoke about six sites and museums; including the Cirta National Museum, Jamila Site and Museum, Musée de Timgad, Archaeological Public Museum of Cherchell, Sétif Archaeological Museum and Roman Mosaics.
October 21, 2020
Sharjah Archaeology Authority organizes virtual lecture on the preservation of ancient silver coins
Sharjah Archaeology Authority (SAA), recently organized a remote lecture titled "Preservation of Ancient Silver Coins.” The lecture was presented by Dr. Al-Moataz Billah Al-Shahawi, a member of the American Numismatic Association, researcher at the Getty Foundation, member of the University of California and the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World in New York and a member of the American Alliance of Museums, a PhD researcher in the restoration and maintenance of mineral monuments at Cairo University, and a specialist in antiquities restoration at the Ministry of Antiquities.
October 14, 2020
Virtual Tour for the culture identity exhibition for Sharjah Archaeology Authority
Lisbon - Portugal