The book examines the map of archaeological sites in United Arab Emirates and discusses the historical eras that it passed through, such as the Stone Age in its various stages, beginning with the Middle Antiquity, and its most important settlements are Jebel Barakah, 250 thousand years ago, and Jabal Al Faya, 130,000 years ago, and its influence lasted until the fourth millennium BC;The Bronze Age, which includes the periods of Hafit, Umm an-Nar, and Wadi Suq, and dates between the end of the fourth millennium and the end of the second millennium BC; The Iron Age, which included the appearance of the aflaj and was dated between 1300 BC and 300 BC. Muwailih, Rumailah, Al Thuqaiba, Saruq Al Nar, Al Bathna, Masafi, and Heli are among the most important settlements; The pre-Islamic era, which lasted from 300 BC to 610 AD, witnessed flourishing of several cities in the country, including Maliha, Dibba, Al-Dur, Sir Bani Yas, and Turaif; The Islamic era, which began with the period in which the Prophet Muhammad, Peace Be Upon Him, was sent, and the period that followed his death. Its most important sites are the Abbasid-era Jumeirah, Kalba, Khor Fakkan, Dibba, Julfar, and Tell Kush, which date back to the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The archaeological sites featured in the book include 24 in Abu Dhabi, 7 in Dubai, 21 in Sharjah, 15 in Ras Al Khaimah, 12 in Fujairah, 5 in Umm Al Quwain, and two in Ajman.
This new issue of the “Sharjah Antiquities” yearbook is issued, and the world is still living in an unprecedented atmosphere due to the pandemic pandemic that casts a dark shadow over every place, and for all academic activities and research, in spite of you. It was represented in organizing a number of lectures, in addition to holding seminars, which dealt with presenting the results of archaeological excavations, and discussing related future projects.
The settlement of Mleiha is one of the most important archaeological sites in the United Arab Emirates and the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula in general. Based on the results of the archaeological excavations carried out by the Belgian archaeological mission, it appears that this geographical spot included a prosperous community during the period between the third century BC and the third century AD. It played an important role as a caravan city that enjoyed long-term trade relations with the commercial centres in the Arabian Peninsula, the northern Persian Gulf, Mesopotamia, Iran, the Greek islands, and the Roman Empire.
The book, issued by the Sharjah Archaeology Authority in 2016 AD, dealt with the large cemetery of Mleiha with square towers at the top, especially the tomb of Amud bin Jar bin Ali, the inspector of the King of Oman. It covers architectural elements based on the establishment of the settlement, coins, pottery finds as well as stone, bronze, horse and camel equipment. The book ends with reviews of the iron weapons found in Mleiha.
As part of an agreement between the Sharjah Archaeology Authority and Kanazawa University in Japan, an exhibition was held at Kanazawa University in 2020, under the slogan: “The Arabian Heritage from Sharjah, the United Arab Emirates.”
This exhibition was inaugurated by His Highness Sheikh Dr Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi, Member of the Supreme Council, Ruler of the Emirate of Sharjah. At the exhibition opening, His Highness was awarded with an honorary doctorate degree from Kanazawa University.
The award was given as a recognition of His Highness being one of the most prominent Arab symbols in support of education, culture and art in Sharjah, the Emirates in particular, and the Arab world in general. The award was also a symbol of appreciation to His Highness as one of the most prominent individuals in extending bridges of cooperation and harmony between Arab culture and other cultures and civilizations.
His Highness opened the exhibition in the presence of Nakamura Shin-ichi, President of Kanazawa University, as well as a number of Japanese professors and scientists, and a large delegation from the Emirate of Sharjah.
As part of the exhibition, various archaeological discoveries from the Emirate of Sharjah were placed on display, among them the discoveries of the Japanese archaeological excavation mission in the Eastern Region of Sharjah.
The exhibition also contained paintings, manuscripts, rare historical maps, and other art works inspired by Arabian traditions and heritage. The exhibition also contained other aspects, reflecting issues of folklore and Arabic manuscripts, as well as samples of rare historical maps, from the contents of the circle of His Highness Sheikh Dr Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi.
It is noteworthy that other Japanese universities then hosted the aforementioned exhibition for 6 consecutive months.
This site is considered as a key source to study man’s early history at the southern Arabian peninsula. This mountain is considered the cornerstone for ancient age researches, where the unearthed archaeological remains date back to 130 thousand years, which is concurrent with protohuman folks migrating from east Africa.