This thesis studies the site of copper mining and smelting located in Wadi Al-Hilu in the Emirate of Sharjah. This site is the oldest evidence of metal manufacturing in the southeastern region of the Arabian Peninsula, including direct and indirect evidence that proves the process of metal manufacturing such as: smelting furnaces and workshops The traces of ore processing as well as the presence of a pure copper ingot weighing 4.6 kg was the result of this site.