Titled “Department of Archaeology and Heritage”, under the umbrella of the Department of Culture and Information, Sharjah Archaeology Department was established in 1986 to supervise all the archaeological and heritage sites all over Sharjah emirate and to provide the necessary protection to them; in addition to carrying out the archaeological exploration operations and overseeing the exploration work of the foreign expeditions operating in Sharjah emirate. In 1992, His Highness Sheikh Dr. Sultan Bin Mohammed Al Qassimi, member of Supreme Council, ruler of Sharjah emirate, issued the Archaeology Law No. (1) in Sharjah Emirate. The said law includes all the matters related to archaeology and archaeological sites protection and supervision, in addition to fighting the illegal trade and smuggling of the archaeological artifacts. In late 1992, Sharjah Archaeology Department formed a local expedition to explore the archaeological sites, and to coordinate with the foreign exploration expeditions . The local expedition was headed by Dr. Sabah Jassem and it had local members. In 1995, “The Department of Heritage” was established to manage the heritage sites in the emirate, organize the archaeological exploration operations and the process of publication and documentation ,as well as coordination with the relevant government departments and entities. Later on, it was separated from Department of Archaeology. In 2016 ,the sublime Emiri Decree No. 57 of 2016 was issued establishing Sharjah Archaeology Authority – a clear translation of His Highness ruler of Sharjah’s understanding of the importance of archaeology, as being a live witness of civilization, in addition to having everlasting historical records photographing and vocalizing the story of a deeply civilized people of determination who labored and challenged all such difficult environmental circumstances. Never-the-less, they lived and contributed to making history by such huge achievements with such clear marks in the human history and human civilization.